Research News

COVID-19 Lockdown Did Not Lead to Quieter Offshore Ocean, Research Shows

Life on land may have quieted down during the height of the pandemic, but far offshore the Atlantic Ocean was just as active as ever according to a new study from the University of New Hampshire.

Researchers found that there was no significant change in the continental shelf's underwater soundscape during the year 2020 -- a surprising contrast to earlier reports of quieter coastal waters during that same timeframe.

"It's fascinating that oceans are so dynamic and variable; different regions really have different personalities based on the natural and human interactions that happen within those waters," said Jennifer Miksis-Olds, research professor and director of UNH's Center for Acoustic Research and Education.

In the study, recently published in the Journal of the Acoustical Society of America Express Letters, researchers focused on seven offshore sites geographically spanning the Outer Continental Shelf from Virginia to Florida -- places where hydrophones had been placed on the seabed in 2017 and then retrieved in 2021 as part of UNH's Atlantic Deepwater Ecosystem Observatory Network. The data indicated that although the sound produced from commercial shipping vessels decreased, there was an increase in sound from other vessels, like fishing boats and pleasure crafts. The net result: no major difference in the underwater soundscape approximately 45-280 miles from the shoreline.

"Having that long-term time series was really critical because it allowed for direct comparison of years of data before COVID-19 hit," said Miksis-Olds. "Acoustic measurements in the deep ocean are more scarce than in coastal waters, so this research provides another perspective on how the deep oceans were impacted -- or not -- by COVID-19."

Researchers acknowledge that the findings are in direct contrast to other studies focused on waters closer to the shoreline but say that's why it's important to examine different aspects of the ocean environment before drawing any conclusions.

The research was supported by the U.S. Department of the Interior and the Bureau of Ocean Energy Management in partnership with the Office of Naval Research and NOAA.

The University of New Hampshire inspires innovation and transforms lives in our state, nation and world. More than 16,000 students from all 50 states and 71 countries engage with an award-winning faculty in top-ranked programs in business, engineering, law, health and human services, liberal arts and the sciences across more than 200 programs of study. A Carnegie Classification R1 institution, UNH partners with NASA, NOAA, NSF and NIH, and received $260 million in competitive external funding in FY21 to further explore and define the frontiers of land, sea and space.

Journal Reference:
Jennifer L. Miksis-Olds, Bruce S. Martin, Kim Lowell, Christopher Verlinden, Kevin D. Heaney. Minimal COVID-19 quieting measured in the deep offshore waters of the U.S. Outer Continental Shelf. JASA Express Letters, 2022; 2 (9): 090801 DOI: 10.1121/10.0013999


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